Following a promising start in the early years of the 20th century the electric motorization was superseded by the internal combustion engine; the fall in the price of a liter of fuel, the range achieved, the ease of use with the growth in infrastructure (roads and service stations) all led to an early demise for the electric vehicle.
The latter years of the 20th century saw the arrival of new types of battery, hydrogen fuel cells, electric motors and electronic management systems with performances which far exceed those of a century ago.
However these technological advances, although available today, have not helped the electric vehicle market to take off in any significant way. The three reasons the most often invoked are, cost, limited range and a lack of charging infrastructure for batteries and for hydrogen fuel cell refueling. This no doubt explains the current growth of hybrid vehicles.
It is essential to tackle the question of massive deployment of electric vehicles from a wider perspective by proposing an economic model taking into account the interests of the different players: private citizens, professionals and public authorities.
Ownership costs or usership costs as well as individual life styles, reference changes for the professional, incentives and taxes and new infrastructure funding for public authorities, all new issues to be addressed quickly, since if nothing is done the cost in the long term will be even higher!