4.4.4 - The Electric Car, the Future of Mobility?

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    In the industrially developed countries, the market for electric cars is beginning to take off, stimulated by the rising cost of fuel, the diversification of the offer, the deployment of charging infrastructure and ambitious public policies. In the United States, the “EV Everywhere Challenge” is aiming to put one million EVs on the road by 2015. However the momentum is there. For example in Germany the government has fixed itself the target of a fleet of one million electric vehicles by 2020 and 6 million by 2030 (today the German fleet totals 40 million vehicles).


    What is the situation in emerging countries? At first sight the obstacles to the electric car are numerous: the price of vehicles is still too high making them inaccessible to the majority of the population; little public investment in charging infrastructure, R&D and in incentives to buy; little account taken of the need for charging stations in urban plans.


    In developing countries for example in China the sales of electric vehicles are growing very fast: 5,655 units in 2011representing 0.4 % of the market; Within the framework of its ten-year plan for "clean cars" China is aiming to be the global number one for electric vehicles in 2020, with an annual production of at least 5million units by that date...


    Here also, the momentum was triggered by the rising price of fuels, the need to reduce air pollution, and with boosts from the state-owned industrial giants. The strategy being rather than trying to catch up with the developed countries on standard vehicles it is better to get ahead with the next generation of vehicles.


    The part of EVs worldwide should reach 16 % by 2030.