Millions of Egyptian commuters will benefit from the rehabilitation of the Cairo Metro, the major means of public transport in Egypt’s capital city.


A train leaves Mar Girgis metro station on Line 1 in Cairo, Egypt (Photo by Aslan Media)


The funding is coming in the form of a €205 million loan from the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD).


The money will finance urgent works on Line 1 - the oldest of the Cairo underground lines, which remains the backbone of the system and is used by 500 million customers per year.


The Cairo underground transport system currently consists of three lines, with a fourth under construction. Line 1 is 42.5 km long and has 33 stations.


Investments will increase the line’s capacity by 40 percent by reducing the time between trains from 3.5 minutes to 2.5 minutes, thereby improving levels of safety, comfort and service reliability. The project will also introduce on-the-job training opportunities for young people.


The EBRD loan will be complemented by a €350 million loan provided by the European Investment Bank and a €50 million loan from Agence Française de Développement.


Traffic congestion in Egypt is estimated to cause an economic loss of up to US$8 billion a year. Used by over 2.4 million passengers a day, the metro is vital for Cairo as it is one of the main means of public transport in a city of approximately 17 million people. The ongoing rapid growth in traffic congestion causes massive disruption to businesses and to people’s lives.


The investment will also help introduce an enterprise resource planning system, an asset-management and cost-accounting module to be used by the metro operator ECM. The system will introduce modern and efficient asset-management practices and provide a comprehensive tool for system optimisation and performance improvement.


The approach aims to improve the quality and level of public transport services in Cairo and the surrounding areas through targeted investment in various transport modes and through a set of reform measures.


The EBRD will promote greater sustainability and efficiency of metro services while supporting the transition to an energy-efficient, low-carbon economy through reductions in CO2 emissions.


The Bank will also work with the Egyptian authorities to increase private sector participation in urban transport.


Funded by the SEMED Multi-Donor Account and the EBRD Shareholder Special Fund, technical cooperation activities will accompany the range of phases of the Line 1 project.


Egypt is a founding member of the EBRD and has been a country of operations since 2012. To date, the Bank has invested over €4 billion in 84 projects in the country.


The EBRD’s areas of investment include the financial sector, agribusiness, and manufacturing and services, as well as infrastructure projects such as power, transport, and municipal water and wastewater services. The Bank has also provided technical assistance to more than 700 small and medium-sized local enterprises.


By Sunny Lewis

Environment News Service (ENS)

August 13, 2018