2 Replies Latest reply on Apr 29, 2014 9:15 AM by shawn pan

    新能源汽车产业化发展基本原则初探

      历经了十余年的持续支持,我国新能源汽车产业化和商业化已经初现规模,随 政府主导的新一轮新能源汽车推广应用计划推出,必将迎来新一轮新能源汽车发展高潮。纵观新能源汽车产业发展,根据对影响新能源汽车产业化发展主要影响因素 的分析,个人认为,新能源汽车产业发展将遵循“企业主导、政府扶持、科技促进、市场驱动、循序渐进”的基本原则。

       

      企业主导:以汽车整车生产制造企业为主导,培育汽车工业新的增长点,开发适用于市场需求的新能源汽车产品,电池、电机等关键部件供应商以及电力企业为主的充电设施和充电服务供应商配合拓展开发新能源汽车潜在客户。

       

      政府扶持:中央政府及各相关部委需要在经济、政策、法律法规等方面给予新能源汽车产业化发展和商业化应用大力支持,努力促使新能源汽车的正外部效应内部化,提高地方政府和相关企业推动新能源汽车产业发展的积极性。

       

      科技促进:高校、科研院所等科研机构和技术部门需要努力解决制约新能源汽车大规模产业化所涉及的整车能效、动力电池寿命、系统可靠性等关键技术和瓶颈问题,探索新能源汽车研发和推广的组织管理以及市场化推广模式,为新能源汽车发展提供理论和科学技术支持。

       

      市场驱动:在私人乘用车、出租汽车、公交客车、环卫汽车、物流用车等多领域精心培育新能源汽车目标市场,提高应用规模,降低新能源汽车采购和应用成本,提高新能源汽车技术成熟度、售后服务水平和应用便利度,从而提高新能源汽车的市场吸引度。

       

      循序渐进:从初期的实验室测试到小规模的运行示范,到特定用途特定区域的推广,再到大规模的市场化运作,在技术进步的推动作用和成本降低的促进作用等因素影响下,逐步扩大新能源汽车的应用范围和市场占有率。

       

       

       

      Initial Exploration of Guiding Principles for the Development of Green Car Industrial Production

       

      After more than a decade of continued support, the industrial production and commercialization of green cars in China has already reached a certain level and, with the launch of a new green car promotion plan managed by the government, another high point in the development of the green car industry is expected. Based on an overall view of its growth and analysis of the main factors affecting the development of industrial production, I believe that the industry will continue to move forward in line with the guiding principles of “corporate leadership, government support, technological advancement, market-driven development and steady progress”.

       

      Corporate leadership: car manufacturers should lead the way in opening up new areas for growth in the industry, develop green car products that meet market requirements, and, in cooperation with suppliers of key components, such as batteries, engines, etc. and suppliers of charging equipment and services (mainly electric power companies), develop the potential customer base for green cars.

      Government support: the central government, as well as relevant ministries and commissions, needs to provide strong support to develop the industrial production and commercialization of green cars through the economy, policies, laws and regulations, so as to encourage the effective use of these benefits within the industry, and increase the active involvement of local government and related industries in the development of the green car industry.

       

      Technological advancement: universities and colleges, scientific research establishments and organizations, and technology departments, need to work hard to address key technological issues and bottlenecks, such as vehicle energy efficiency, battery life and system reliability, which could hold back the large-scale industrial production of green cars, explore management and marketing methods for the development and promotion of green cars, and provide theoretical, scientific and technical support for the growth of the green car industry.

       

      Market-driven development: Carefully develop target markets for green cars, in areas such as private passenger cars, taxis, public transport buses, urban sanitation vehicles and goods delivery vehicles, and increase their market attractiveness by increasing the scale of use, reducing vehicle purchase and running costs, and increasing their technological maturity, the quality of after-sales services and ease of use.

       

      Steady progress: From initial lab testing, to small-scale operation of test models, promotion for specific uses and areas, and large-scale marketing operations, gradually increase the scale of green car use and market share through the promotion of factors such as technological advancement and cost reduction.