Le gouvernement kenyan a approuvé des règlements prévoyant l'utilisation de toutes sortes de drones dans son espace aérien.
Le Kenya devient l'un des rares pays d'Afrique à adopter la réglementation pour tous les drones, permettant aux régulateurs de prendre en compte la nature de la mission et les spécifications physiques du drone. Les drones sont toujours interdits en Ouganda et les autorités ont saisi toutes les importations de drones dans le pays, bien que certains particuliers aient réussi à les faufiler dans le pays et à les utiliser principalement pour la photographie.
The Kenyan Government has approved regulations providing for the use of all kinds of drones in its airspace.
Kenya becomes one of the few countries in Africa to adopt the regulation for all drones, allowing regulators to take into account the nature of the mission and the physical specifications of the drone. Drones are still banned in Uganda and authorities have been impounding all imports of drones into the country although some private people have managed to sneak them into the country and use them mainly for photography.
The Kenya Civil Aviation Authority (KCAA) on 22 March 2018 said the remote-piloted aircraft will be operated within guidelines approved by Parliament. The KCAA said it has given a six-month period for registration with the authority before use. In a notice headlined “Drones are Now Legal”, the Kenya Civil Aviation Authority, says anyone with approval as provided by the regulator, can fly a drone in the country’s airspace.
KCAA Director General Gilbert Kibe said users will be charged registration and license fees, which will vary between $600 (Ksh60,000) and $2,300 (Ksh230,0000) depending on the purpose of use.
Any person who contravenes the regulations will be liable, upon conviction, to a fine not exceeding Ksh2 million or six months jail term or both.
Now that use of drones is allowed in Kenya, there are laws and regulations that need to be followed when flying, they include;
- Civilians are limited to flying drones above 400 feet above ground level and within 50 meters of any person, vessel, vehicle or structure which is not under the control of the person in charge of the drone
- The law prohibits civilian drones from fly over or around strategic installations, radar sites, high tension cables and communication masts, prisons, police stations, courts of law, scenes of a crime unless a permit is issued.
- A person shall not own, register or operate a drone with military specifications.
- A person who intends to export a Kenyan registered remote piloted aircraft system shall notify the Authority in writing and obtain a deregistration certificate.
- Any person who contravenes the provisions of this regulation commits an offence and shall be liable, upon conviction, to a fine not exceeding two million shillings or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months, or to both.
- Require operators of drones to subscribe to liability insurance.
- The Authority may grant, upon application, a temporary permit to a person intending to operate a remote piloted aircraft system not registered in Kenya for a period of thirty (30) days renewable once.
- The law prohibits civilian drones from flying at night unless specifically cleared by the Authority on a case by case basis.
Other African countries should follow so as to embrace the new form of transport.
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